The Four Pillars to a Moral Life:
1. Respect for Persons/Autonomy
- Acknowledge a person’s right to make choices, to hold views, and to take actions based on personal values and beliefs.
- Treat Others with Equity. Distribute benefits/burdens fairly.
3. Non-maleficence (First, Do No Harm)
- We have an Obligation not to inflict harm intentionally; In medical ethics, the physician’s guiding maxim is “First, do no harm.”
4. Beneficence (Do Good)
- We must Do Actions for the Benefit of Others.